Unaccompanied Homeless Youth

NCHE Resources

Educational Rights Poster: Youth

This NCHE poster explains who qualifies as homeless under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act and lists the educational rights of children and youth experiencing homelessness. Place these posters in your school or community to generate public awareness.
Visit the NCHE Store to order.

Meeting the Educational Needs of Students Displaced by Disasters: Youth on Their Own

This NCHE brief explains how the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act applies to unaccompanied youth displaced by disaster and how the Act can assist these students in accessing education and other needed support services.
Download Meeting the Educational Needs of Students Displaced by Disasters: Youth on Their Own.

Supporting the Education of Unaccompanied Students Experiencing Homelessness

This NCHE brief identifies the key provisions of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act related to the education of unaccompanied youth experiencing homelessness and suggests strategies for implementation.
Download Supporting the Education of Unaccompanied Students Experiencing Homelessness.

Surviving on Your Own: Information for Youth on How School Can Help

This pocket-sized booklet for unaccompanied youth explains how schools can help youth who are living on their own without a parent or guardian. It is made of a durable, laminated paper to resist wear and tear and fits easily inside a back pocket.
Visit the NCHE Store to order.

When Legal Guardians Are Not Present: Enrolling Students on Their Own

This brief identifies the key provisions of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act dealing with how to handle the enrollment process when legal guardians are not present and offers strategies for implementation.
Download When Legal Guardians Are Not Present: Enrolling Students on Their Own.

Sample Forms, Materials, and Policies

Alaska State Statute: Sec. 25.20.025. Examination and Treatment of Minors

This Alaska state law provides that a minor living apart from his/her parents or legal guardian and managing his/her own financial affairs may consent for his/her own medical and dental services.
Read the full text of Sec. 25.20.025.

California Courts: Caregiver's Authorization Affidavit

This form from the California Courts may be used to authorize the enrollment of a minor in school and authorize school-related medical care. Other states may wish to use this form as a guide for developing their own caregiver affidavit.
Download the California Caregiver's Authorization Affidavit.

Delaware Relative Caregivers' School Authorization Affidavit

This form from Delaware Health and Social Services (DHSS) may be used to authorize the enrollment of a minor in school by grandparents and other relatives who are raising another relative's child without having legal custody or guardianship. Other states may wish to use this form as a guide for developing their own caregiver affidavit.
Download the Delaware Relative Caregivers' School Authorization Affidavit.

Massachusetts Caregiver Authorization Affidavits

This affidavit from the Massachusetts Department of Elementary and Secondary Education authorizes an adult with whom a minor resides to consent to certain types of medical treatment, obtain certain documents, and make educational decisions on behalf of the minor.
Visit the Massachusetts Caregiver Authorization Affidavits webpage.

Missouri Caregiver Authorization Form

This form from the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education enables a caregiver over the age of 18 to authorize the enrollment and school-related medical care of a minor unaccompanied homeless youth.
Download the Missouri Caregiver Authorization Form.

New York State Law: § 3209(1)(b)(2)
 
This New York State law establishes that an homeless student may enroll himself/herself "if no parent or person in parental relation is available".
View New York State Law: § 3209(1)(b)(2).

Packet for Parents Facing Incarceration
 
This sample packet from Adrian Public Schools in Adrian, MI, provides information to assist parents facing incarceration with making appropriate arrangements for their children. Included in the packet area checklist of tasks for parents facing incarceration, a list of frequently asked questions, a blank power of attorney form, a sample completed power of attorney form, and a flyer about the McKinney-Vento Homeless Education program.
Download the Packet for Parents Facing Incarceration packet.
 
Wyoming HB159: Unemancipated Homeless Minors
 
This Wyoming state law authorizes unemancipated homeless minors to obtain birth certificates and enter into binding contracts, as detailed in the law, and establishes that the fact a minor is homeless is not sufficient basis for reporting abuse or neglect.
Download the full text of Wyoming HB159.

Other Resources

Alone Without a Home: A State-by-State Review of Laws Affecting Unaccompanied Youth

This report from the National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty provides summaries, legal citations, and analyses of laws affecting unaccompanied youth in the United States and six territories (American Samoa, District of Columbia, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands). More specifically, this publication covers many of the issues facing unaccompanied youth: youth in need of services; emancipation; status offenses, including running away, truancy, and curfews; the right to contract; definitions and consequences of harboring runaway youth; and service and shelter responsibilities and resources.
Download Alone Without a Home: A State-by-State Review of Laws Affecting Unaccompanied Youth.

Family and Youth Services Bureau

The Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB), part of the Administration for Children and Families at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, supports local communities in providing housing and other supports runaway and homeless youth through its Street Outreach Program, Basic Center Program, and Independent Living Program.
Visit the Family and Youth Services Bureau website.

Homelessness Resource Center: Youth

The Homelessness Resource Center, hosted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, is an interactive online community of service providers; policymakers; researchers; and public agencies at federal, state, and local levels. The Center shares state-of-the art knowledge, evidence-based practices and practical resources to prevent and end homelessness through providing publications and materials, and online learning and networking opportunities.
Visit the Homelessness Resource Center Youth webpage.

Missed Opportunities: Youth Homelessness in America

This brief series from the Voices of Youth Count Initiative at Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago examines youth homelessness in America, including its incidence and prevalence, and risk factors that make youth more likely to experience homelessness. Significantly, Chapin Hall researchers found that the lack of a high school diploma or GED correlates more strongly than any other risk factor with experiences of youth homelessness, with young people without a diploma or GED being 3.5 times (346%) more likely to experience homelessness than their peers who completed high school. 
Visit the Missed Opportunities: Youth Homelessness in America webpage.
Visit the Missed Opportunities: LGBTQ Youth Homelessness in America webpage.
Visit the Missed Opportunities: Pregnant and Parenting Youth Experiences of Homelessness in the US webpage.

National Alliance to End Homelessness: Youth and Young Adults

This webpage from the National Alliance to End Homelessness (NAEH) provides valuable information and resources on helping youth experiencing homelessness transition successfully to adulthood.
Visit the National Alliance to End Homelessness Youth and Young Adults webpage.

National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families
 
The National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families is a free information service for communities, organizations, and individuals interested in developing new and effective strategies for supporting young people and their families. The Clearinghouse is funded through the Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB) to link those interested in youth issues with the resources they need to serve young people, families, and communities better. 
Visit the National Clearinghouse on Homeless Youth and Families website.

National Runaway Safeline
 
The National Runaway Safeline (NRS) gives help and hope to youth and their families by providing non-judgmental, confidential crisis intervention and local and national referrals through a 24-hour hotline (1-800-621-4000). Visit the NRS website for useful information for teens, parents, teachers, concerned adults, social service agencies, and law enforcement officials.
Visit the National Runaway Safeline website.
Learn about National Runaway Prevention Month (November)
Visit NRS' Media Resource Center
Download NRS' Why They Run: An In-depth Look at America's Runaway Youth.

Safe Place
 
Safe Place provides access to immediate help and supportive resources for all young people in crisis through a network of sites sustained by qualified agencies, trained volunteers, and businesses. 
Visit the Safe Place website.

Start a Youth Program
 
This web-based guide from the National Clearinghouse on Families and Youth walks readers through the four states of launching a youth-serving nonprofit organization. The four stages include:
Stage I - Define Your Niche
Stage II - Conceive Your Vision and Mission
Stage III - Bring Your Nonprofit Into Being
Stage IV - Plan Your Programs 
Visit the Start a Youth Program webpage.

Toward Understanding Homelessness: The 2007 National Symposium on Homelessness Research
 
On March 1-2, 2007, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) sponsored the second National Symposium on Homelessness Research. This publication is a compendium of the 12 papers prepared for and presented at the Symposium. Among the papers' topics are homeless families and childrenhomeless youth, and rural homelessness.
Visit the Toward Understanding Homelessness webpage.