Highly Mobile Children and Youth with Disabilities: Policies and Practices in Five States
The brief from Project Forum
focuses on a subset of the population of mobile children: children with disabilities and their families who are highly mobile. The document begins with a background section that provides information about policies and practices developed for mobile children at the federal level. The second section is an analysis of interviews with five state directors of special education and their corresponding McKinney-Vento program coordinators regarding how states are addressing the needs of this population. Interviewees discussed causes of mobility, how they locate mobile children, the number of mobile children and costs of services, features of state programs under McKinney-Vento, how they track outcomes, challenges they have encountered, and policy recommendations.
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Launching Young Readers
Launching Young Readers (LYR) is the companion website to a five-part television series on PBS. The LYR website provides information about the series, including its broadcast schedule, and offers valuable resources that can be used in conjunction with the series or independently.
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Many Challenges Arise in Educating Students Who Change Schools Frequently
Educational achievement of students can be affected negatively by their changing schools often. The recent economic downturn, with foreclosures and homelessness, may be increasing student mobility. To inform the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), the U.S. Government Accountability Office
(GAO) was asked: (1) What are the numbers and characteristics of students who change schools, and what are the reasons students change schools?; (2) What is known about the effects of mobility on student outcomes, including academic achievement, behavior, and other outcomes?; (3) What challenges does student mobility present for schools in meeting the educational needs of students who change schools?; and, (4) What key federal programs are schools using to address the needs of mobile students? This December 2010 publication provides the results of the GAO's analysis of federal survey data, interview with U.S. Department of Education officials, site visits to eight schools in six school districts, and review of federal laws and existing research.
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Moving On: Student Mobility and Affordable Housing
National Center for Families Learning
The goal of the National Center for Families Learning (NCFL) is to help parents and children achieve their greatest potential together through quality literacy programs. NCFL is recognized worldwide as a leader in family literacy development and works with educators and community builders to design and sustain programs that meet the most urgent educational needs of disadvantaged families.
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Raising Minority Academic Achievement: The Department of Defense Model
Students in Department of Defense schools have similar mobility rates, parental education levels, and low-income status to students in inner-city schools; yet, they consistently demonstrate higher academic achievement than the national average. This digest presents the results of a 2001 study by researchers from Vanderbilt University on the consistent high achievement of African American and Latino students in Department of Defense schools and identifies policies and practices that may contribute to the success of these schools.
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School Success in Motion: Protective Factors for Academic Achievement in Homeless and Highly Mobile Children
Should I Stay or Should I Go?: Exploring the Effects of Housing Instability and Mobility on Children
This report from the National Housing Conference
examines the role that residential stability plays in child development. The report finds that low-income families move much more frequently than the general population. While reasons for moving vary, the data and interviews of low-income families show that moves resulting from unplanned or involuntary circumstances, such as an eviction or foreclosure, and moves that occur one after another as part of a pattern of frequent mobility, tend to have negative impacts on child and family welfare, such as increased school absenteeism and a higher incidence of neighborhood problems.
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Slowing the Revolving Door: Schools Reach Out to Mobile Families
This article, published in November 2002 by the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) outlines several family involvement strategies that schools can use to provide stability and support for children made vulnerable by disruptions in their education and home lives.
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Tips for Supporting Mobile Students