national center for homeless education | nche

Poverty and Income

photo of a female student in an orange shirt writing in a notebook


HHS Poverty Guidelines
This is the 2017 version of the federal poverty measure, published annually by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
View the 2017 guidelines.
View poverty guidelines from previous years.

Hunger Task Force: SPENT - Low Income Spending Simulation Game
Hunger Task Force serves more than 48,000 meals per month at our soup kitchens; helps more than 29,000 people receive emergency food at our pantries each month, and distributes nearly 9,000 Stockboxes a month to senior citizens in Milwaukee County. How do so many people need help? Put yourself in their shoes and find out! Play the online game SPENT to see what it is like to make hard, life-changing choices just to survive and feed your family. See if you can make it through the month!
Visit the SPENT! website.

Income and Poverty in the United States: 2016
This annual U.S. Census Bureau report presents data on income, earnings, income inequality, and poverty in the United States based on information collected in recent Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplements (CPS ASEC) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.
Download Income and Poverty in the United States: 2016.
Download the 2015 report | 2014 report | 2013 report | 2012 report | 2011 report | 2010 report | 2009 report | 2008 report | 2007 report| 2006 report | 2005 report | 2004 report | 2003 report | 2002 report | 2001 report.

Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness
The Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness (ICPH) is an independent nonprofit research organization based in New York City. Drawing on the talent of an experienced, professional research staff, the Institute produces action-oriented research designed to illuminate the complex issue of family homelessness, and inform and enhance public policy related to homeless families.
Visit the ICPH website.
Visit ICPH's National Survey of Programs and Services for Homeless Families: The Red, White, and Blue Book website.
Visit ICPH's Almanac of Family Homelessness website.

National Center for Children in Poverty
The National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP) identifies and promotes strategies that prevent child poverty in the United States and that improve the lives of low-income children and their families. It conducts and synthesizes relevant research to meet the needs of key audiences that work on issues affecting low-income families. NCCP also provides an extensive list of publications as well as demographic, state, and local information on child poverty in the U.S.
Visit the NCCP website.

National Center for Children in Poverty: 50-State Demographics Wizard
This webpage from the National Center for Children in Poverty provides statistical information about low-income children focusing on various areas of interest, including family income level; parental presence, education, employment, and marital status; the child's age and race-ethnicity; and family residential area and moves.
Visit the NCCP 50-State Demographics Wizard webpage.

National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty
The mission of the National Law Center on Homelessness& Poverty (NLCHP) is to prevent and end homelessness by serving as the legal arm of the nationwide movement to end homelessness. To achieve its mission, NLCHP pursues three main strategies: impact litigation, policy advocacy, and public education. Visit NLCHP's website for valuable resources in the areas of housing, income, children and youth, civil rights, and domestic violence.
Visit the NLCHP website.

Poverty and Potential: Out-of-School Factors and School Success
This March 2009 brief by Dr. David C. Berliner of Arizona State University and supported by The Great Lakes Center for Education Research and Practice explores the role poverty plays in the achievement gap between lower income and middle income students and between racial and ethnic groups; the report concludes that poverty is, in fact, the major cause of the achievement gap.
Download Poverty and Potential: Out-of-School Factors and School Success.

Poverty USA Tour
What's life like at the poverty line? It's one impossible choice after another - between food and medicine, getting to work or paying the heating bill. But there are ways out. Tour Poverty USA below and find out what life is like at the poverty line - and how you can help.
Take the poverty tour in English | Spanish .

Two Generations in Poverty: Status and Trends among Parents and Children in the United States, 2000-2010
This November 2011 brief from Child Trends examines recent poverty data and trends over the past decade through a two-generation lens. The brief draws on data from the U.S. Census Bureau, and presents a sharpened two-generation lens on the poverty and low-income status of children and families in 2010, and on trends in poverty and low-income status among children and families during the first decade of the 21st century. In addition, it presents data on differences in poverty and low-income status across race and ethnic origin, age, family structure, gender, education, full-time employment status, and geography.
Download Two Generations in Poverty: Status and Trends among Parents and Children in the United States, 2000-2010.

U.S. Census Bureau: Poverty
This portion of the U.S. Census Bureau website provides information about poverty in the United States, including poverty thresholds, methods for measuring poverty, and historical tables.
Visit the U.S. Census Bureau Poverty webpage.

⇑ back to top
what's new on the nche website
download nche issue briefs
order nche products
register for an nche webinar
contact the nche helpline
The National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) is the U.S. Department of Education's technical assistance center for the federal Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) Program. NCHE is housed at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

This website was produced with funding from the U.S. Department of Education, on contract no. ED-01-CO-0092/0001. The content of this website does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Education or the University of North Carolina at Greensboro; nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

To view .pdf files, you must have the Adobe Reader program, available for free downloading at

*Clicking on an external link will take you to a non-NCHE webpage or file. The external agency's privacy policy may differ from that of NCHE.
skip navigation for screen readers NCHE homepage