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Credit Accrual

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NCHE Resources

Maximizing Credit Accrual and Recovery for Homeless Students
Due to their high residential and school mobility, homeless children and youth face unique challenges and barriers related to credit accrual. Class offerings, methods of calculating credits, and graduation requirements can vary greatly among school districts. Further, high schools often have "seat time" rules that prevent youth from earning credits if they enter the district late in the semester or leave early. This NCHE issue brief outlines district responsibilities for removing barriers related to credit accrual for homeless students, and suggests promising strategies for assisting these students with credit accrual and recovery.
Download Maximizing Credit Accrual and Recovery for Homeless Students.


Other Resources

California's Partial Credit Model Policy: Improving the Educational Outcomes of Foster Youth
This manual from the California School Boards Association and the California Department of Social Services provides a guide for school districts and child welfare agencies on how to help ensure that foster youth are able to earn credits for school work despite challenges associated with high residential or school mobility. The lessons learned are applicable to support other highly mobile student groups, including homeless and migrant students.
Download California's Partial Credit Model Policy: Improving the Educational Outcomes of Foster Youth.


Sample Forms, Materials, and Policies

AB 1806: Pupil Services - Homeless Children or Youth (CA state law)
This 2014 California state law requires school districts to provide school transition and graduation assistance for students experiencing homelessness through the awarding of partial or full credit.
View the California: AB 1806 law.

SB 1494: Relating to the Educational Needs of Homeless Students (TX state law)
This 2015 Texas state law requires school districts to provide school transition and graduation assistance for students experiencing homelessness or in foster care through the awarding of partial or full credit.
View the Texas: SB 1494 law.

SB 5241: Educational Success of Youth Who are Homeless or in Foster Care (WA state law)
This 2017 Washington state law requires school districts to implement policies and procedures that eliminate barriers and facilitate the on-time grade level progression and graduation of students who are homeless or in foster care. Required procedures include the addressing of credit accrual through the awarding of partial or full credit.
Download the Washington: SB 5241 law.


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The National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) is the U.S. Department of Education's technical assistance center for the federal Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) Program. NCHE is housed at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

This website was produced with funding from the U.S. Department of Education, on contract no. ED-01-CO-0092/0001. The content of this website does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the U.S. Department of Education or the University of North Carolina at Greensboro; nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

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